胡鵬 | WU Pang

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Wu Pang was born in 1909 in Shanghai. After completing secondary school, he enrolled in a vocational training school to study wireless communication and worked for a time as a marine radio officer before obtaining a job at a cinema, where he was responsible for screening Chinese subtitles. He later found work at a Nanjing cinema as an assistant manager.

Wu arrived in Hong Kong in 1936 and started working at a film studio. Three years later, with the support of sound recordist Kuang Tsan, Wu made his first film, Farewell on a Winter Night (1939). Wu’s talents were recognized by Tai Ming Sing Film Company’s Leung Wai-man, who invited him to co-direct A Night of Romance, A Lifetime of Regret (1938) and A Warrior’s Love (1938, co-directed with Chiang Oi-man). During the Sino- Japanese War, Wu escaped to Guangdong province and found work in the advertising department at Yuet Wah Daily News. In 1943, he was employed as a translator in the military, and was trained in the Guilin branch of the Whampoa Military Academy before being posted in Kunming. He also worked for a time for the US army’s postal service.

After the war, Wu returned to Hong Kong to resume his film career, and helmed The Evil Mind in 1947. He later collaborated with scriptwriter Chun Kim on a number of literary films, including Waving The Red Ribbon (1948), A Woman’s Heart (1948) and Romance Forever (1949). His 1949 film Wong Fei-hung’s Whip That Smacks The Candle was highly successful and inaugurated the long-running kung-fu saga, the Wong Fei Hung series. Wu went on to make a total of 59 Wong Fei Hung films, most of which were hits, the final one being Wong Fei Hung Meeting The Heroes with The Tiger Paw (1967).

Wu formed an alliance with nine Cantonese film directors including Wong Toi, Mok Hong-see, Lung To, Fung Chi-kong, Ng Wui, Lee Tit, Wong Hok-sing, Lo Yu-kei and Chu Kea, and founded Ten Brothers Film Company in 1963. The inaugural production of the company was The Beautiful Heaven (1964), to which all ten directors contributed. The following year, Wu acted as producer for Mok Hong-see on Between Man and Ghost (1965).

In the late 1960s, at the invitation of Kwan Ching-liang, Wu went to Taiwan to direct a series of martial arts films including The Golden Sword (1967), The Eight Bandits (1968) and The King’s Sword (1968). He was hired by First Films in Taiwan to direct The Flying Swordgirl (1969) and Tigress is Coming (1969). In 1972, Wu was employed by Vietnamese-Chinese producer Chen Kuobing to make the romance Con Gi Cho Nhau in Vietnam.

After completing The Luckiest Trio (1980), Wu retired from the film industry and worked in publishing. Over his four decadeplus career, Wu had directed over 200 films in various genres including martial art, kung-fu, romance, musical and comedy. In the 1950s and 1960s, Wu directed a series of public service films for the Information Services Department of the Hong Kong government on various topics, including civil servant performance, road safety and education.

Wu was elected Chairman of the Hong Kong Motion Pictures Producers Association in 1983. In his later years, he edited a collection of Cantonese opera film songs, and penned a memoir, Wong Fei Hung and I. He passed away in 2000.

Year Chinese name English name Directors
1980 《阿福與土佬》
The Luckiest Trio
1979 《醉俠蘇乞兒》
The Story of Drunken Master NGAI Hoi Fung
1973 《三美挑情》
3 Nymthos
1972 《夢斷雲山不了情》
Con Gi Cho Nhau
1970 《蕩女癡男》
The Sexual World
1969 《五嶽風雲》
Heroic Tale of The Five Mountains
1969 《伏魔乾坤劍》
The Devilish Swords
1969 《女飛俠》
The Flying Swordgirl
1969 《胭脂虎》
Tigress is Coming
1969 《成家立室》
Let's Build a Family NG Wui LEE Tit YEUNG Kuen
1968 《金刀怪客》
The Golden Sword KWAN Ching Liang
1968 《血戰八大盜》
The Eight Randits
1968 《鐵血火龍令》
The Bloody Dragon Flag
1968 《血戰八大盜》
Eight Robbers KWAN Ching Liang
1968 《天王劍》
The King's Sword
1968 《天王劍》
King's Sword KWAN Ching Liang
1967 《歡樂歌聲處處聞》
Song of Merry Music
1967 《黃飛鴻虎爪會群英》
Wong Fei-hung Meeting The Heroes with The Tiger Paw
1967 《金刀怪客》
The Golden Sword
1966 《兩湖十八鏢 上集》
The Seven Little Tigers, Part One
1966 《兩湖十八鏢 下集》
The Seven Little Tigers, Concluding Episode
1966 《火龍神珠》
The Dragon Flag and The Sacred Pearl
1965 《刀劍雙蘭》
Two Sword Girls
1965 《鐵劍朱痕 上集》
The Blood-smeared Sword of Honour, Part One
1965 《鐵劍朱痕 下集》
The Blood-smeared Sword of Honour, Part Two
1965 《閻王令》
The Flag of Death
1965 《魔穴神娃 上集》
The Mysterious Swordwoman, Part One
1965 《魔穴神娃 下集》
The Mysterious Swordwoman, Concluding Episode
1964 《錦繡天堂》
Beautiful Heaven NG Wui LEE Tit
1964 《銀箭金刀》
The Silver Arrow and The Golden Blade
1964 《錦繡天堂》
The Beautiful Heaven LEE Tit NG Wui
1964 《富貴滿華堂》
Riches in Splendour
1964 《七寶金剛劍》
The Sword of The Buddha's Warrior
1964 《江湖七虎》
The Seven Tigers
1964 《孝子賢孫》
Our Family
1964 《柳葉刀》
Repentance of The Swordsman
1964 《七煞掌》
The Noxious Palm
1964 《霹靂薔薇 上集》
The Thundering Red Rose, Part One
1964 《霹靂薔薇 下集》
The Thundering Red Rose, Part Two
1964 《一劍恩仇》
The Cause of Gratitude and Enmity with a Sword
1963 《大俠金葫蘆》
The Golden Gourd
1963 《天降福星》
Unexpected Fortune
1963 《亂拜石榴裙》
The Mysterious Bracelet
1963 《追婚記》
Reluctant Wedding
1963 《黃泉會母》
Mother and Son Met in The Tunnel
1963 《玉戒神魔》
Magic Ring
1963 《南龍北鳳》
The Dragon and The Phoenix
1963 《兒女恩仇》
Fortitude of Life
1963 《紅線女夜盜寶盒》
Night Errand
1963 《碼頭碎屍案》
The Murder in The Pier
1963 《猿女復仇記》
The Revenge of a Gorilla Girl
1963 《咖啡女郎》
The Two Café Girls
1962 《劍影恩仇錄》
The Mysterious Sword KONG Yeung
1962 《新夜光杯》
The New Magic Cup
1962 《關東大俠 白骨潭奪寶記》
The Treasure of The White Skeleton Cove
1962 《關東第一劍 黑虎崖殲仇記》
Heroes of Kwan Tung
1962 《三劍鬥天魔》
Three Swords and The Sky Monster
1962 《岳飛出世》
The Birth of Yue Fei
1962 《新姊妹花》
The Happy Reunion
1962 《洪宣嬌》
Hung Suen-kiu
1961 《黃飛鴻大破五虎陣》
How Wong Fei-hung Smashed The Five Tigers
1961 《神拳鐵扇子》
The Invincible Iron Fan
1961 《殺出重圍》
The Breakthrough
1961 《金刀奇俠》
Showdown at Ching Seng Hill
1961 《火網英雄傳》
Swords of 9 Continent
1961 《萬劫孤兒》
The Pity Orphan
1961 《太平天國女英雄》
China at Dawn
1961 《金刀女俠橫掃鐵樑寺》
Decisive Battle at Iron Rafter Temple
1961 《青龍鎮殲霸戰》
Killing of The Villains
1961 《崑崙七劍鬥五龍》
Combat Between Seven Swords and Five Dragons
1961 《紐約唐人街碎屍案》
Murder Case in Chinatown
1960 《碧海香螺傳》
The Marriage of The Beautiful Corpse
1960 《黃飛鴻擂台爭霸戰》
Wong Fei-hung's Combat in The Boxing Ring
1960 《花燈記》
The Festive Lantern
1960 《黃飛鴻大戰猩猩王》
Wong Fei-hung's Battle with The Gorilla
1960 《怪俠赤屠龍》
The Strange Hero Conquered The Dragon
1960 《天山雙狐鬥屠龍》
Two Heroines Conquered The Red Dragon at Tian Shan
1960 《公寓謀殺案》
Apartment Murder
1960 《娘子軍封王》
1960 《屠龍女三鬥粉金剛》
Tao Lung Fighting Against Fin Kim Kong
1960 《龍虎鬥江南》
The Battle Between The Dragon and Tiger
1960 《鐵臂拳王》
Iron Arms and The Boxer
1959 《火葬爛頭何》
Cremation of Rotten Head Ho
1959 《黃飛鴻義貫彩虹橋》
Wong Fei-hung on Rainbow Bridge
1959 《猩猩王大鬧天宮》
King Kong's Adventures in The Heavenly Palace
1959 《夫妻和順欖》
Peace to Man and Wife
1959 《射鵰英雄傳 下集》
Story of The Vulture Conqueror ,Part 2
1959 《鬼馬福星》
Lucky Ones up to Mischief
1959 《黃飛鴻被困黑地獄》
Wong Fei-hung Trapped in Hell
1959 《黃飛鴻戲棚伏虎》
How Wong Fei-hung Defeated The Tiger on The Opera Stage
1959 《好女唔論嫁粧衣》
Dowry or not, she's eligible
1958 《黃飛鴻五毒鬥雙龍》
Wong Fei-hung's Story : Five Poisonous Devils Against Twin Dragons
1958 《樊梨花金光陣產子》
Fan Lei-fa Delivers a Son in The Golden-light Formation
1958 《薛剛打爛太廟》
Adventure of Sit Kong
1958 《黃飛鴻龍爭虎鬥》
Wong Fei-hung's Fierce Battle
1958 《黃飛鴻大破金鐘罩》
How Wong Fei-hung Subdued The Invincible Armour
1958 《黃飛鴻西關搶新娘》
Wong Fei-hung Seizes The Bride at Xiguan
1958 《黃飛鴻大鬧鳳凰崗》
How Wong Fei-hung Stormed Phoenix Hill
1958 《黃飛鴻大破馬家莊》
Wong Fei-hung's Victory at Ma Village
1958 《黃飛鴻鐵雞鬥神鷹》
How Wong Fei-hung Pitted an Iron Cock Against The Eagle
1958 《射鵰英雄傳 上集》
Story of The Vulture Conqueror
1958 《黃飛鴻虎穴救梁寬》
Wong Fei-hung Saves The Kidnapped Leung Foon
1957 《哪吒鬧東海》
Nazha's Adventures in The East Sea
1957 《風火鬼頭刀》
The Devil's Blade
1957 《黃飛鴻河南浴血戰》
Wong Fei-hung's Fight in He'nan
1957 《胭脂馬三鬥黃飛鴻》
Wong Fei-hung's Three Battles with The Unruly Girl
1957 《黃飛鴻夜探黑龍山》
How Wong Fei-hung Spied on Black Dragon Hill at Night
1957 《南海拳王夜盜梅花馬》
How The Boxer From Nanhai Stole The Dappled Horse at Night
1957 《黃飛鴻獅王爭霸》
Wong Fei-hung, King of Lion Dance
1957 《黃飛鴻喋血馬鞍山》
Wong Fei-hung's Battle at Saddle Hill
1957 《黃飛鴻大破飛刀黨》
How Wong Fei-hung Smashed The Flying Dagger Gang
1957 《黃飛鴻擂台鬥五虎》
Wong Fei-hung's Battle with The Five Tigers in The Boxing Ring
1957 《黃飛鴻血濺姑婆屋》
How Wong Fei-hung Fought a Bloody Battle in The Spinster's House
1957 《打劫陰司路》
Hold-up on The Road to Hell
1957 《哪吒大鬧天宮》
Nazha's Adventures in The Heavenly Palace
1957 《十五貫》
1957 《黃飛鴻二龍爭珠》
Wong Fei-hung's Rival for a Pearl
1956 《黃飛鴻擂台比武》
Wong Fei-hung at a Boxing Match
1956 《黃飛鴻大鬧佛山》
Wong Fei-hung's Fight in Foshan
1956 《黃飛鴻火燒大沙頭》
How Wong Fei-hung Set Fire to Dashatou
1956 《黃飛鴻花艇風雲》
Wong Fei-hung and The Courtesan's Boat Argument
1956 《黃飛鴻大戰雙門底》
Wong Fei-hung's Battle at Shuangmendi
1956 《黃飛鴻大鬧花燈》
Wong Fei-hung And The Lantern Festival Disturbance
1956 《黃飛鴻七獅會金龍》
How Wong Fei-hung Pitted Seven Lions Against The Gold Dragon
1956 《黃飛鴻獨臂鬥五龍》
How Wong Fei-hung Fought Five Dragons Single-handedly
1956 《黃飛鴻三戲女鏢師》
How Wong Fei-hung Thrice Tricked the Lady Security Escort
1956 《黃飛鴻義救龍母廟》
Wong Fei-hung Saved The Dragon's Mother Temple
1956 《黃飛鴻怒吞十二獅》
How Wong Fei-hung Vanquished The Twelve Lions
1956 《黃飛鴻伏二虎》
How Wong Fei-hung Subdued The Two Tigers
1956 《黃飛鴻醒獅會麒麟》
How Wong Fei-hung Pitted a Lion Against The Unicorn
1956 《黃飛鴻鐵雞鬥蜈蚣》
Wong Fei-hung's Story : Iron Cock Against Centipede
1956 《黃飛鴻龍舟奪錦》
Wong Fei-hung Wins The Dragon Boat Race
1956 《黃飛鴻水底三擒蘇鼠廉》
How Wong Fei-hung Thrice Captured So Shu-lim in The Water
1956 《黃飛鴻橫掃小北江》
Wong Fei-hung's Victory in Xiao Beijiang
1956 《黃飛鴻紅船殲霸》
How Wong Fei-hung Vanquished The Bully at The Red Opera Float
1956 《黃飛鴻義救賣魚燦》
Wong Fei-hung Rescues The Fishmonger
1956 《黃飛鴻觀音山雪恨》
Wong Fei-hung's Battle at Mount Goddess of Mercy
1956 《黃飛鴻天后廟進香》
Wong Fei-hung's Pilgrimage to Goddess of The Sea Temple
1956 《武松血濺獅子樓》
Mo Chung's Bloody Fight on Lion's Tower
1956 《黃飛鴻官山大賀壽》
Wong Fei-hung Goes to a Birthday Party at Guanshan
1956 《鐵砂掌三會鷹爪王》
Iron-palm Versus Eagle-claw
1956 《黃飛鴻古寺救情僧》
How Wong Fei-hung Saved The Lovelorn Monk From The Ancient Monastery
1956 《白鶴英雄傳》
The White Crane Hero
1955 《黃飛鴻正傳》
The True Story of Wong Fei-hung
1955 《兒孫福》
Everyone Loves Grandpa
1955 《鴻運喜當頭》
As Luck will have it
1955 《望夫山上望夫歸》
On The Hill of The Waiting Wife She Awaits Her Husband's Return
1955 《飛天蠄蟧》
The Flying Spider
1955 《姊妹心》
Sisters' Heart
1955 《下一代》
The Next Generation
1955 《梁寬與林世榮》
Leung Foon and Lam Sai-wing
1955 《鐵馬騮別傳 續集》
The Story of Iron Monkey, The Sequel
1955 《銀河抱月》
Silvery Moon
1955 《甘鳳池與呂四娘》
The Story of Kam Fung-chi and Fourth Madam Lui
1955 《鐵馬騮別傳大結局》
The Story of Iron Monkey, The Concluding Episode
1955 《黃飛鴻花地搶炮》
Wong Fei-hung's Rival for The Fireworks
1955 《黃飛鴻威震四牌樓》
Wong Fei-hung's Victory at The Sipai Lou
1955 《黃飛鴻長堤殲霸》
How Wong Fei-hung Vanquished The Bully at a Long Dyke
1954 《胭脂淚》
Rouge Tears
1954 《碧血染親兒》
My Son in Bloodshed
1954 《爸爸萬歲》
Three Cheers for Daddy
1954 《黃飛鴻初試無影腳》
Wong Fei-hung Tries His Shadowless Kick
1954 《知足者,貧亦樂》
Poor but Happy
1954 《郎心如鐵》
The Lover with a Heart of Steel
1954 《黃飛鴻與林世榮》
The Story of Wong Fei-hung and Lam Sai-wing
1954 《不如歸》
Homeward Bound!
1953 《徭山奪艷記》
The Beautiful Girl of Yao Mountain
1953 《黃飛鴻一棍伏三霸》
How Wong Fei-hung Defeated Three Bullies with a Rod
1953 《鐵橋三義救穿雲燕》
The Rescue of Cloud-piercing Swallow
1952 《天賜黃金》
Unexpected Gold
1952 《春宵醉玉郎》
Intoxication on a Spring Night
1952 《黃飛鴻傳血染芙蓉谷》
Battle in Lotus Valley
1951 《別離人對奈何天》
Parting Unto Sky's End
1951 《虎膽英魂》
Soul of The Tiger
1951 《五虎斷魂槍》
The Five Heroes' Deadly Spears
1951 《百戰神弓》
The Brave Archer
1950 《薛仁貴血戰柳家莊》
Sit Yan-kwai's Bloody Battle at Lau Village
1950 《黃飛鴻傳第三集:血戰流花橋》
The Story of Wong Fei-hung, Part Three : The Battle by Lau Fa Bridge
1950 《黃飛鴻傳第四集:梁寬歸天》
The Story of Wong Fei-hung, Part Four : The Death of Leung Foon
1950 《火燒少林寺》
How Shaolin Monastery Was Reduced to Ashes
1950 《廣東十虎屠龍記》
How Ten Heroes of Guangdong Slew The Dragon
1949 《生死纏綿》
Romance Forever
1949 《長使娥媚淚滿襟》
A Woman's Heart is Never Mended
1949 《魂斷歸家娘》
Lament of a Divorced Woman
1949 《黃飛鴻傳上集之鞭風滅燭》
Wong Fei-hung's Whip That Smacks The Candle
1949 《黃飛鴻傳下集之火燒霸王莊》
The Story of Wong Fei-hung, Part Two
1948 《血染霓裳》
Bloody Cloth
1948 《銷魂賊》
The Sexy Thief
1948 《款擺紅綾帶》
Waving The Red Ribbon
1948 《拳頭世界》
World of Fists
1948 《烽火漁村》
Fishing Village in the War
1948 《天下婦人心》
A Woman's Heart
1947 《辣手蛇心》
The Evil Mind
1947 《火樹銀花》
Fiery Trees And Silver Flowers
1941 《春閨三鳳》
Three Amorous Women
1941 《多情燕子歸》
The Sentimental Swallow Returns
1940 《大地晨鐘》
The Tolling Bell
1939 《夜送寒衣》
Farewell on a Winter Night
1938 《戰士情花》
A Warrior's Love
1938 《一夜夫妻》
A Night of Romance, A Lifetime of Regret