郭泓廷 | KUO Joseph

In the film industry, the concept to recover cost is of utmost importance. Here are eight keys to remember for a film to be commercially successful:

Be creative: The audience does not like unoriginal work.

Be entertaining: Not only should you make the audience happy. It is alright to make them laugh hysterically and applaud.

Be suspenseful: The film cannot be predictable. You want the audience to wonder what will happen next.

Be touching: Familial love or romantic love, you want people to feel touched.

Be intense: A film should have at least ten climaxes.

You want the audience to feel the tension and keep on watching.

Have a theme: A movie has to have a proper theme. It should guide people to kindness and good should triumph over evil.

Have a selling point: Financiers, producers, directors and the marketing staff must recognize a film’s selling point and appeal. They have to assess the profitability of the project.

Have demands: Every director has his own personal style. You have to instill your worldview and values into your film in order to make a lasting impression. That is a director’s demand.

(Translated from an interview by the Epoch Times, 29 November, 2012)


Joseph Kuo Nan-hung was born in Tainan, Taiwan in 1937. His family moved to Kaohsiung when he was three. He graduated from Kaohsiung Industrial High School in 1950 and enrolled in filmmaking courses at Taipei’s Asia Film Company in 1954. After that, he worked as scriptwriter, script supervisor and assistant director for Taiwanese-language productions.

Kuo directed his first film Lament of the Ancient Palace (1958) from his own script. He went on to direct 22 features in Taiwan, eighteen of which were produced by the company he founded in 1962. Among them, the romantic musical One Night in Taipei (1962) and the holiday-themed comedy Happy New Year (1964) broke the box office records for Taiwanese dialect features.

Following director Li Han-hsiang’s invitation, Kuo directed the widescreen Mandarin melodrama When Dreams Come True (1966) and Love is More Intoxicating Than Wine (1968) for Li’s Grand Motion Picture Co. He joined Union Film Co. in 1966 and began to direct martial arts films such as The Swordsman of All Swordsmen (1968), King of Kings (1970) and Sorrowful to a Ghost (1970). The commercial success of Swordsman and Ghost led to his hiring by Shaw Brothers to direct films in Hong Kong, where directed two films, Mission Impossible (1968) and The Mighty One (1972) before leaving. Kuo then established his own production company, Hong Hwa International Films, in Hong Kong and directed many acclaimed wuxia pictures, including The Ghost’s Sword (1971), 18 Bronzemen (1975), Return of the 18 Bronzemen (1976) and The Blazing Temple (1977). He also took advantage of the kung fu craze spearheaded by Bruce Lee and directed several kung fu flicks of his own, including Chinese Iron Man (1973), Rikisha Kuri (1973) and Hero of Kwantung (1974).

During the 1970s, Kuo was one of the most important directors of the action genre in Hong Kong and Taiwan. In the 1980s, he focused on promoting the development of the film industries of Hong Kong and Taiwan. In 1982, he began his six-year tenure as board member of the Motion Picture Producers Association of Republic of China (now Chinese Filmmaking Association). In 1984, he was the secretary general of the 21st Golden Horse Film Festival. He was chairman of the Movie Producers & Distributors Association of Hong Kong for five consecutive terms, serving a total of ten years before being named as lifetime honorary president. In 1997, he assisted the Hong Kong Trade Development Council (HKTDC) in the establishment of the first ever Hong Kong International Film & TV Market (FILMART).

Kuo moved back to Kaohsiung in 2000 and helped with the founding of the Kaohsiung Film Archive, where he made a massive donation of materials, including copies of films, handwritten screenplays, posters, production stills, newspaper clippings, movie camera and other keepsake which he amassed over the years. During his fifty-year-plus career, Kuo has always been keen on mentoring young filmmakers while serving as lecturers in various universities. In 2011, he completed a feature working with over 1000 film students with no prior experience.

Year Chinese name English name Directors
2011 《幸福來找碴》
Xing Fu Lai Zhao Ja
2007 《綺麗世界》
Yi Li Shi Jia
1988 《笑聲淚影大陸行》
Journey Across the Mainland
1986 《陳益興老師》
Teacher Chen Yi-Shin
1983 《河南嵩山少林寺》
Shaolin Temple Strikes Back
1982 《鬼面忍者》
Ninja Kids
1981 《石人關十八奇》
The Unbeaten 28
1979 《五爪十八翻》
Dragon's Claws
1979 《師父出馬》
The Old Master
1979 《酒仙十八跌》
World of the Drunken Master
1979 《三聲無奈》
Daughter of Tragedy
1979 《雙馬連環》
The Mystery of Chess Boxing
1979 《迷拳三十六招》
The 36 Deadly Styles
1979 《少林太祖》
Shaolin Taizu
1978 《百戰保山河》
Immortal Warriors CHENG Kang CHANG Tseng Chai LO Wei WONG Sing Loy
1978 《洪拳大師》
The Fearless Duo FONG Chiung
1978 《鬼馬大俠》
The Cavalier
1978 《太極元功》
Born Invincible
1978 《少林兄弟》
The Shaolin Brothers
1978 《絕拳》
The 7 Grandmasters
1978 《洪拳鐵橋三》
The Incredible 3
1977 《火燒少林寺》
The Blazing Temple
1976 《少林小子》
The Shaolin Kids
1976 《雍正大破十八銅人》
Return of the 18 Bronzemen
1976 《八大門派》
The Eight Masters
1975 《小妹》
The Youngest Sister
1975 《少林寺十八銅人》
18 Bronzemen
1975 《風塵女郎》
The Pleasure Girl
1974 《廣東好漢》
Hero of Kwantung
1974 《少林功夫》
Shao Lin Kung Fu
1974 《黑手金剛》
Deadly Fists Kung Fu
1974 《陣陣春風》
Love in the Spring
1973 《中國鐵人》
Chinese Iron Man
1973 《大車伕》
Rikisha Kuri
1972 《童子功》
The Mighty One
1972 《惡報》
The Death Duel
1972 《鐵三角》
Triangular Duel
1971 《大戰藏鏡人》
Battle of the Mirror Guardian
1971 《雲山夢回》
The Lost Romance
1971 《百忍道場》
The Ghost's Sword
1971 《鬼門太極》
Evil Karate
1971 《獨霸天下》
The Matchless Conqueror
1971 《五鬼奪魂》
The Five Devil Ghost
1971 《單刀赴會》
The Lonely Blade
1970 《劍王之王》
King of Kings
1970 《鬼見愁》
Sorrowful to a Ghost
1970 《劍女幽魂》
Mission Impossible
1970 《盲女勾魂劍》
The Seisure Soul Sword of a Blind Girl
1969 《絕代劍王》
Son of Swordsman
1969 《絕代鏢王》
Superior Darter
1968 《深情比酒濃》
Love is More Intoxicating Than Wine
1968 《鹽女》
The Salt Paddy Girls
1968 《一代劍王》
The Swordsman of All Swordsmen
1967 《流亡曲》
Song of Exile
1967 《人生如夢》
Life is a Dream
1966 《心心相印》
Heart to Heart
1966 《零下三點》
Three Degrees Below Zero CHIN Han
1966 《喋血夜總會》
Bloodshed in Night Club
1966 《明月幾時圓》
When Dreams Come True
1965 《吹牛大王》
The Bragger King
1965 《情天玉女恨》
The Hatred of a Beautiful Girl
1965 《懷念播音員》
The Broadcaster
1965 《靈肉之道》
Flesh and Soul
1965 《只愛妳一人》
You are My Only Love
1965 《英雄難過美人關》
Prisoner of Love
1964 《歡喜過新年》
Happy New Year
1964 《龍虎旋風兒》
1964 《流浪賣花姑娘》
The Flower Selling Girl
1964 《矮仔財娶妻》
Shorty Takes a Wife
1964 《請君保重》
Take Care, Sir
1963 《妻在何處》
Where is My Wife?
1963 《台北之星》
The Star of Taipei
1963 《天邊海角》
Edge of Sky and Sea
1962 《浦島遊龍宮》
Urashima Tarō‘s Adventures in the Dragon Palace
1962 《台北之夜》
One Night in Taipei
1962 《女王蜂》
Queen Bee
1959 《男之罪》
The Sin of a Man
1959 《男之罪下集》
The Sin of a Man ,Part 2
1958 《古城恨》
Lament of the Ancient Palace
1958 《鬼湖》
The Ghost Lake